After many years of anticipation, and a considerable amount of 5th generation (5G) wireless networks is finally becoming a reality. 5G can affect our lives more dramatically than any technology change since the Internet, as 5G enables us to realize the potential of a fully connected world. cause? Speed, low latency and ubiquity.

The mature 5G network will operate at higher frequencies and shorter distances than 4G, relying on the dense infrastructure of showbox-size “towers” every few hundred feet. This allows them to support billions of devices with speeds of up to 20 times compared to 4G with almost no latency. 5G band antennas also consume less power to making the protocol better for connecting a small, battery powered IoT devicesAs an enabling technology, 5G can affect our lives in five major ways.

Smart Cities

According to the National League of Cities, US municipalities have invested in smart city. For example, San Diego installed smart lighting systems that automatically dim when someone is around, saving about $ 2 million per year in electricity costs. Pittsburgh is replacing 36,000 streetlights with LEDs that have sensors to monitor air quality. The sensors installed inside the South Bend, Indiana, manhole cover the redirected drainage when the sewer level becomes too high. After San Francisco installed gunshot-detecting microphones in high-crime neighborhoods, there was a 35 percent decrease in incidents where shots were fired.


Perhaps the broader impact of 5G will be industrial and commercial IoT. Location beacons already change how goods move from goods through shipping and delivery. ABI Research predicts that by 2023, more than 500 million items will be tracked. Precise agriculture uses soil sensors and airborne cameras to identify crop disease, determine when to water and reduce pesticide use. Smart factories deploy connected robots to automate hazardous and / or repetitive tasks.

All of these changes will accelerate once the ultra-fast wireless network accommodates an estimated 125 billion IoT devices by 2030.

“IoT will be an important driver of what is known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution,” says Greg Bollala, vice president of VMware in the CTO’s office.

Driverless Cars

According to the National Highway Traffic Administration, about 95 percent of traffic accidents occur due to human error. Removing humans from behind the wheel could save 1.25 million lives every year.

But for driverless cars to become fully autonomous, they will need to communicate with the cars around them to avoid accidents and reduce congestion. They will need to talk to traffic lights, road signs and sidewalk sensors to navigate more safely. And they will need to get immediate responses – that’s where low-latency 5G networks come from.

“Only faster networks, such as 5G, can support millisecond-level latency,” said Professor at the University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, and Group Leader for the Ambient Intelligence Research Group. Notes Kevin Curren. “We don’t shy away from driverless vehicles sharing our roads and dominating them one day, but first we need to invest in infrastructure.”

Once the driverless infrastructure is in place, the congestion on the roads can be reduced and the air may be less polluted. With fully autonomous vehicles, fewer people will own cars and ride sharing may be more common. The Boston Consulting Group predicted that this would reduce vehicle numbers on city streets by 60 percent and tailpipe emissions by 80 percent.


For virtual visits enabled by low-latency, HD-quality wireless networks, trips to the doctor’s office can be as rare as home calls. Wearable or implanted medical devices will occupy your buttocks and send them to health care providers, allowing them to detect early warning signs of heart attacks, strokes, or other fatal events.

Professor of UC Berkeley’s Haas School of Business, Drs. David Teece says, “5G will open the door to significant growth in personal, anywhere, any medicine.”

The high speed network will also enable tele-surgery, where specialists in a hospital control medical equipment at another facility from hundreds of miles away. That day may be closer than you think. In January,A surgeon in China removed part of a pig’s liver from a distance of 30 miles using a 5G connection.

Virtual Space

Due to the high-bandwidth and low latency of 5G, augmented and virtual reality may eventually becomeA practical reality. The VR Telefres Apps will allow affiliates in distant cities to work on the “Bowl Side”, or sports lovers to experience the roar of the Super Bowl crowd from the comfort of their Bowl. We roam virtually shopping districts in Tokyo during lunch breaks and ship goods to our homes.

All these changes did not happen overnight. While major carriers are busy installing limited versions of 5G in cities around the world, devices capable of accessing 5G networks have just begun to appear, and ultra-high-speed deployments are still many years away.

It took 10 years for 4G to become the dominant cellular technology and 5G may take even longer. But once it is fully implemented, we wonder how we would have been without it.